Update of ICAO RF and Protocol Test Specification

Introduction

Simultaneously the ICAO released updated and new versions of their ICAO test specifications for eMRTD and corresponding inspection systems. While the Technical AdvisorICAO Logoy Group (TAG) of ICAO endorsed the update on the ICAO website, from now on these test specifications can be referenced officially and can also be used for certification. Additionally, there is also a new test specification part 5 available focusing on PKI objects like certificates and revocation lists.

 

ICAO Test Specification Part 3 (eMRTD)

Finally version 2.11 of the ICAO test specification for eMRTDs is a result of two ISO SC17 WG3 TF4 meetings 2017 in Paris and 2018 in Tokyo and also a result of the interoperability test in Ispra 2017. First of all there are some interesting modifications compared with the previous version 2.10 released in 2016:

  • Test cases and ICS adoption for Chip Authentication Version 1 (test cases are moved from BSI TR-03105 Part 3.2)
  • Test of command robustness with invalid class bytes are removed
  • Clarifications concerning PACE test cases
  • Clarification concerning ISO execution errors
  • Clarification concerning extended length APDUs used during Active Authentication
  • Some corrections concerning LDS version 1.8
  • Additionally, there are some clarifications and minor editorial changes

New test cases in Version 2.11

Most noteworthy the ICAO test specification part 3 contains the following new test cases:

  • ISO7816_P_79: Negative test case to verify the Secure Messaging handling while PACE access is granted for the SELECT application command (bad send sequence counter)
  • ISO7816_R_07: Positive test case to verify the behavior of a PACE-protected eMRTD in response to the INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE
  • Test suite ISO7816_T: New test cases for Chip Authentication (this tests were moved from BSI TR-03105 Part 3.2 with minor corrections and remove robustness test of invalid class bytes)
  • LDS_E_01: Test the LDS tag of the DG14 object
  • LDS_E_02: Test the ASN.1 encoding of the SecurityInfos for Chip Authentication
  • LDS_E_03: Test the ASN.1 encoding of the ChipAuthenticationPublicKeyInfo
  • LDS_E_04: Test the ASN.1 encoding of the ChipAuthenticationInfo
  • LDS_K_05: Test the ASN.1 encoding of a PCKS#7 signedData object
  • LDS_K_06: Test the value that is encoded into the signedData element
  • LDS_K_07: Test the SignerInfo element of the signedData structure
  • LDS_K_08: Test the signing certificate used to verify the EF.CardSecurity object

Modified test cases in Version 2.11

The ICAO test specification part 3 contains the following modified test cases:

  • ISO7816_A_2: SELECT Application command with CLA byte ‘8F’ is removed
  • ISO7816_C_15: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_C_19: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_D_2: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_E_2: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_F_2: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_G_2: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_04: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_18: Test case removed
  • ISO7816_P_37: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_38: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_39: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_40: Test case removed (invalid CLA byte)
  • ISO7816_P_66: Hint, that in test scenario step 1 the length encoding of DO ’80’ must be correct
  • ISO7816_P_67: Hint, that in test scenario step 1 the length encoding of DO ’80’ must be correct
  • ISO7816_R_01: Generic length encoding of APDU
  • ISO7816_R_02: Generic use of DO ’97’ and length encoding of APDU
  • ISO7816_R_03: Hint, that INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE command must use Secure Messaging if access control mechanism is supported
  • ISO7816_R_04: Hint, that INTERNAL AUTHENTICATE command must use Secure Messaging if access control mechanism is supported
  • ISO781_S_03: Padding indicator ’01’ in DO ’85’ is removed (odd ins)
  • ISO781_S_04: Padding indicator ’01’ in DO ’85’ is removed (odd ins)
  • LDS_A_03: In EF.COM there is also LDS version 1.8 accepted
  • LDS_A_05: Purpose of test case is corrected
  • LDS_C_04: Check that the number of Biometric Information Group Templates (BIGT) is one
  • LDS_D_04: Check also the LDS security object version in test scenario step 4; a future version of Doc9303 part 10 requires that the signedData certificates field in LDS v1.8
    SHALL include the Document Signer Certificate (CDS)
  • LDS_D_06: Check that LDS Version Info element does not exist in test scenario step 8 and handle also LDS version 1.8 in this test case
  • LDS_D_07: Check that the validity period of the signing certificate MUST be within the validity period of the country signing certificate in test scenario step 4
  • Test suite LDS_E: Numbering of test cases has changed
  • LDS_E_07: Check also the hash algorithm output length of the signatureAlgorithm
  • LDS_J_05: ECDSA is also be handled in test scenario step 3 from now on

ICAO Test Specification Part 4 (Inspection Systems)

Also ICAO test specification part 4 version 2.11 is the result of a typical ISO process finalized by the same meetings in Paris and Tokyo of ISO SC17 WG3 TF4 mentioned above. Finally this specification contains also some interesting changes compared with the previous version 2.10 released in 2016:

  • Configuration of default EAC MRTD specifies EF.DG15
  • Specification of a default PACE-CAM protected eMRTD
  • Clarifications concerning PACE and PACE-CAM
  • Additionally, there are some clarifications and minor editorial changes.
  • Added profile AA.B4 to test signature generation scheme specified in ISO/IEC 9796-2 paragraph B.4.

New test cases in Version 2.11

The ICAO test specification part 4 contains the following new test cases:

  • ISO7816_E_11: Test case verifies that the inspection system performs the Active Authentication with RSA algorithm in the signature function and B.4 method
  • ISO7816_B_04: Positive test with BAC protected eMRTD and three line MRZ
  • ISO7816_G_16: Check correct execution of the Chip Authentication protocol
  • LDS_B_29: Test verifies that the test object can detect a mismatch between MRZ and EF.DG1 where MRZ uses TD2 format and EF.DG1 uses TD1 format
  • LDS_B_30: Test verifies that the test object can detect a mismatch between MRZ and EF.DG1 where MRZ uses TD1 format and EF.DG1 uses TD2 format
  • LDS_D_01: Added test cases for missing algorithm and signature combinations
  • LDS_D_19: Added test cases for DSA with various SHA algorithms
  • LDS_D_39: Test case verifies that the inspection system checks the signature in EF.CardSecurity and detects an invalid signature

Modified test cases in Version 2.11

The ICAO test specification part 4 contains the following modified test cases:

  • ISO7816_C_01: Test case include three line MRZ from now on
  • ISO7816_C_03: Editorial correction of protocol name
  • ISO7816_C_29: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_C_30: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_C_31: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_C_32: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_C_33: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_C_34: Use a special configuration to indicate that the IS performs Passive Authentication
  • ISO7816_C_36: Change context form PACE-CAM to PACE (CAM -> GM)
  • ISO7816_C_39: Use new configuration for PACE CAM protected eMRTD
  • ISO7816_E_01: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_02: Clarification of EF.DG14 and specification of EF.DG15 and using of signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_03: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_04: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_05: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_06: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_07: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_08: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_E_09: Perform Active Authentication with B.6 method of ISO/IEC 9796-2 and use RSA-SHA1; Hint, that the RSA operation during AA must result in a value bigger than n/2 with n being the modulus to ensure that method B6 is really used in this test case
  • ISO7816_E_10: Use signature production function B.6
  • ISO7816_F_03: Test case removed
  • ISO7816_G_07: Correction of key agreement algorithm (id-CA-DH-3DES-CBC-CBC)
  • ISO7816_G_11: Correction of key agreement algorithm (id-CA-DH-3DES-CBC-CBC)
  • ISO7816_G_15: Use default EAC configuration in this test case
  • LDS_A_01: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_02: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_03: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups and correction of increased length)
  • LDS_A_04: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_05: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_06: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_07: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_08: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_09: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_A_10: Correction in EF.COM (removed data groups)
  • LDS_C_14: Access condition of EF.DG2 changed from BAC to PACE
  • LDS_C_17: Corrected ID of configuration
  • LDS_D_26: Access condition of EF.SOD changed from BAC to PACE
  • LDS_D_35: Corrected wording in specification of EF.SOD
  • LDS_D_36: Corrected wording in specification of EF.SOD and corrected title of test case
  • LDS_D_37: Corrected wording in specification of EF.SOD and corrected title of test case
  • LDS_D_38: Test case removed
  • LDS_E_01: Access condition of EF.DG15 changed from BAC to PACE
  • LDS_E_02: Access condition of EF.DG15 changed from BAC to PACE
  • LDS_E_03: Access condition of EF.DG15 changed from BAC to PACE
  • LDS_F_01: Correction in content of EF.DG14 (generic length)
  • LDS_F_02: Correction in content of EF.DG14 (generic length)
  • LDS_F_03: Correction in content of EF.DG14 (generic length)

New and noteworthy ICAO documents and updates

As mentioned in the introduction ICAO has release a new test specification for PKI objects. The new part 5 of ICAO test specifications is focusing on various things used in this context like certificates, certificate revocation lists (CRL) as well as master and deviation lists. Furthermore, there is a new version 1.7 of the technical report Visible Digital Seals for Non-Electronic Documents available.  Technical report Portrait Quality is released in version 1.0 where reference facial images for eMRTD are specified. Concerning LDS2 the technical report LDS2 – PKI specifies the PKI to support the ICAO LDS2 project including travel records, visa records and additional biometrics. Last but not least there is also a new version of technical report Logical Data Structure (LDS) for Storage of Data in the Contactless IC, Doc 9303-10 LDS 2 – New Applications available at the ICAO website.

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